Dengue fever is a grave disease these days as more and more people are becoming the victims of it. Almost anyone can contract the disease and thus you need to be aware of this fever. Know all about dengue fever symptoms and treatment here in this post.
Dengue fever is a mosquito-borne disease caused by a family of dengue viruses. It is most common in the tropical countries.
What causes dengue fever?
A person can contract the disease from the bite of a mosquito called Aedes aegypti (striped) that has bitten an infected individual previously. Just one mosquito bite is enough to cause the disease. However, this disease is not contagious and does not spread directly from one person to another. It spreads only through the person-mosquito-person pathway.
Dengue fever symptoms
The symptoms of dengue fever begin 4 to 6 days after infection and can last for up to 10 days. They include:
- Sudden high fever
- Severe headache
- Severe muscle and joint pain
- Pain in the eyes
- Nausea and vomiting
- Skin rash
- Easy bruising
- Mild bleeding
There can be further complications like dengue hemorrhagic fever (a rare complication). The symptoms include high fever, bleeding from gums and nose, liver enlargement, damage to blood vessels and lymph vessels, circulatory system failure. There can also be the huge amount of bleeding, shock and even death. This is referred to as DSS (dengue shock syndrome).
Dengue fever treatment
You should rush to the doctor if you have the feeling that you have contracted the disease. The doctor will advise you best. Drink lots of fluids and take rest.
Specific medicine for dengue fever does not exist. You can use pain relievers though. However, you need to avoid medicines containing aspirin as it could increase bleeding.
If your condition worsens in the initial 24 hours after your fever reduces, you should go the hospital and get yourself checked for any complications.
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Dengue fever prevention and control
Sadly, something called a dengue fever vaccine does not exist! You can protect yourself by preventing getting bitten from infected mosquitoes.
Here are some dengue fever prevention tips–
- Make use of mosquito repellents even if you stay indoors
- Cover yourself well when you go outdoors
- Ensure that your window and door screens don’t have holes in them. Use mosquito nets while sleeping.
You can bring down the mosquito population by getting rid of their breeding places. Old tires, flower pots and can usually collect rain water and you must ensure that you dispose them off.
If a family member gets affected by dengue fever, you need to protect others around you from getting bitten by mosquitoes. The infection could spread to other members through mosquito bites. So, it is important to take the required preventive measures.
The bottom line
As soon as you develop mild symptoms of dengue fever, you should seek immediate medical help. Prevent the disease by protecting yourself from mosquito bites.
Hope this article on dengue fever symptoms and treatment has been helpful!