The recent outbreak of chikungunya and dengue virus causes a lot of havoc and panic. Doctors were flooded with patients and almost one person in every house was falling ill. It even made the government take some serious steps to curb the virus. Fogging was carried out in large scale in every colony and society, people adopted local measures to save their locality. Schools also issued notices for students on precautionary measures. All this was enough to create tension and panic among the people.
12,250 cases of chikungunya were reported from across the nation and out of which 2600 of Delhi alone. It felt like that the city of Delhi was become the sick capital of the nation. There were a few deaths also because of the same. The situation became alarming and several hard steps had to be taken in order to protect the city. So lets try and learn everything that is there about this infection.
WHAT IS CHIKUNGUNYA
Chikungunya is a viral infection and it is caused by the bite of a mosquito called ‘Aedes’. The worrying factor is that this mosquito can bite at any time during day or night. Before being detected in India it was earlier found in countries of Africa and Asia. It was also found in islands of Western Pacific and Indian Ocean. This fever is mostly found in the urban areas more than the rural ones and the symptoms mimic those od dengue fever. The risk of new areas getting effected by this virus is high because of infected travellers.
SYMPTOMS OF CHIKUNGUNIYA
The symptoms of this infection have very severe effects on the patients and they usually look like symptoms of dengue. The symptoms start to appear usually after 3-4 days of being bitten by the mosquito.
1. The most common one is high fever.
2. Severe joint pains.
5. Joint swelling
6. Muscle pains
7. Weakness and loss of appetite.
The disease does not necessarily result in death but the symptom are severe and if any person is suffering from any other disease like high BP or diabetes than the symptoms can escalate also.
TREATMENT OF CHIKUNGUNIYA
There is no vaccine or injection to prevent the disease and there is no medicine also. One must take only things that can bring symptomatic relief.
- Take plenty of rest.
- Drink lots of fluids to keep yourself hydrated.
- Take medicine such as acetaminophen (Tylenol®) or paracetamol to reduce fever and pain.
- Do not take aspirin and other non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDS until dengue can be ruled out to reduce the risk of bleeding).
- If you already under some other kind of medication do consult your doctor.
PREVENTION OF CHIKUNGUNIYA
They say that prevention is better than cure. So take precautions to avoid the infection.
- Try to keep mosquitos out of the house.
- Cover windows and door screens.
- Use mosquito nets for kids.
- Use mosquito repellents.
- Don’t let water stay in any pit or other area.
- Clean the house properly.
It is always better to keep the kids and new born safe from mosquitos.